- Western emperor (q.v.) from 367-383; elder son of Valentinian I (q.v.). He succeeded Valentinian I as western emperor in 375, with half-brother Valentinian II (q.v.) as his nominal colleague. He appointed Theodosios I (q.v.) as eastern emperor in 379, after the death of Valens at the battle of Adrianople (qq.v.). With Ambrose (q.v.) as an advisor, he attacked paganism, removing the Altar of Victory from the senate house in Rome (q.v.) in 383. He also seized the revenues of the Vestal Virgins and refused the pagan title of high priest (pontifex maximus). He was assassinated by the followers of Maximus (q.v.), who was eventually defeated and killed by Theodosios I in 388.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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Gratian — (* 359 in Sirmium; † 25. August 383 in Lugdunum), mit vollständigem Namen Flavius Gratianus, war von 375 bis 383 Kaiser im Westen des Römischen Reiches, wurde aber bereits 367 von seinem Vater Valentinian I. zum Mitkaiser ernannt. Zusammen mit… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gratian — • Details on this Roman Emperor who was the son of Valentinian I. He was born at Sirmium, 359 and died at Lyons, 383 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Gratian Gratian … Catholic encyclopedia
Gratian — Gratian, Grazian lateinischer Ursprung, Bedeutung: der Anmutige. Namensträger: Gratian, römischer Kaiser … Deutsch namen
Gratian — [grā′shən] (L. name Flavius Gratianus) A.D. 359 383; Rom. emperor (375 383) … English World dictionary
GRATIAN° — (Franciscus Gratianus; d. before 1179), monk of Bologna. He is known for his canonical compilation Decretum Gratiani, assembled about 1140. The other title of the compilation, Concordantia discordantium canonum, clearly indicates its purpose, to… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Gratian — Infobox Roman emperor name =Gratian full name=Flavius Gratianus (from birth to accession); Flavius Gratianus Augustus (as emperor) title=Emperor of the Roman Empire caption =A coin of Gratian. The legend shows Gratian s titles, D N GRATIANVS P F… … Wikipedia
Gratian — /gray shee euhn, sheuhn/, n. (Flavius Gratianus) A.D. 359 383, Roman emperor 375 383. * * * Latin in full Flavius Gratianus Augustus born 359, Sirmium, Pannonia died Aug. 25, 383, Lugdunum, Lugdunensis Roman emperor (r. 367–83). He originally… … Universalium
Gratian — I Gratian, eigentlich Flavius Gratianus, römischer Kaiser (367 383), * Sirmium (heute Sremska Mitrovica) 18. 4. 359, ✝ Lugdunum (heute Lyon) 25. 8. 383. Mit acht Jahren zum Augustus ausgerufen, übernahm er nach dem Tod seines Vaters … Universal-Lexikon
Gratian — (twelfth century) Historian and Legalist. Little is known of the life of Gratian. He was probably born in Chiusi, Italy, and was a professed Camaldolese monk. He is remembered for his Concordantia Discordantium Canonum, generally known as… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Gratian — Latin Flavius Gratianus biographical name 359 383 Roman emperor (367 383) … New Collegiate Dictionary
GRATIAN — a celebrated canonist of the 12th century, born at Chiusi, Tuscany; was a Benedictine monk at Bologna, and compiled the Decretum Gratiani between 1139 and 1142 … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia